CAMBODIA 2015

Protect | Respect | Empower

In this challenge, we asked the international creative community to come up with designs for a floating medical, research, and educational structure(s) to serve the 1.2 million people on Cambodia's Tonle Sap Lake, many of which living on unique, traditional, and increasingly rare nomadic floating villages.

The lake is an important UNESCO biosphere and South-East Asia's largest lake. It is a vital environmental incubator which, unfortunately, faces increasing dangers in today's contemporary world.

The aim of the competition was to seek out ways to safeguard both the local population and their culture, but also the ecosystem of this precious body of water, home to many rare species of birds and fish.

Charitable Cause: Cambodia 2015 ran in support of a the Angkor Hospital for Children (AHC), a local NGO based in Siem Reap, Cambodia.

Global Popularity: The competition reached huge international success. 601 people from 51 differenct countries from all continents participated in the challenge in 243 teams. Participants included students, university research groups, academics, architects and multidisciplinary teams of doctors and scientists.

Award Winning Competition: Cambodia 2015 was awarded a 3rd place in Bustler's 'Top-10 Competitions of 2015 Awards'. It was published extensively on international newspapers and magazines, including Archdaily, Dezeen and the Architecture Review.

International Exhibitions: The competition was exhibited from the 22nd January to the 11th February 2016 in KPF's Gallery, Covent Garden, London, in an exhibition curated in association with the Architectural Review and opened by its Editor in Chief Christine Murray.

It was also exhibited at the McCormick Gallery in Boston Architecture College's Gallery (Boston, USA), from the 6th September 2016 until the 28th November 2016.


winner

EC0071

Natthapol Pongplanchai, Pratchaya Lertruck Sadee, Porncharoen Oranratmanee & Phanin Chantalert
(Thailand)

HYBRID{GE} The project initially starts from one single house for 7 family members along with sustainable mechanical and engineering system integrated; passive and active design has been applied, consisting of water treatment system, anaerobic digester for biogas production, turbine generator for electricity and algae energy phase in the future. Including passive architectural design, bamboo has integrated as major material for the whole project which would be floated on the lake’s surface appropriately. Regarding that statement, project itself range from small to urban scale which would help improving people’s qualities of life through this design fabric and also architecturally sustain. So…

runner up

EC0035

Dragoş Georgian Năstase, Dana Ioana Tudor & Ileana Cristina Bălan
(Romania)

Everything is connected, linked. Everything is constantly in reaction to surrounding factors, everything works like an organism. This is our motto in finding a solution for the Tonle Sap Biosphere. We encapsulated all the problems in a general, flexible formula that can ripple different solutions according to its implementation. The solution had to be adapted to the main characteristics of the area such as water volume fluctuation between dry-rainy season, and the local Khmer cultural identity. By shifting our attention to the past, we discovered that the Khmer civilization, in constructions such as the Angkor Wat, understood that their cities had to be built responsibly with…


Honourable Mentions:

EC0253

Joe Roberts
(UK)

Extensive deforestation of the belt of freshwater Mangroves surrounding the lake has been identified as the main catalyst in the degradation of the Tonle Sap ecosystem. Flooded forests represent an important habitat for the fish, which find amongst the flooded trees a temporary nursing and breeding habitat as well as rich feeding grounds. Therefore the proposal aims to redress the balance by creating a hospital and research centre centred on the restoration of the Mangrove. Mangroves will be grown within a sheltered environment on bamboo rafts filled with decomposed water hyacinths. The roots grow horizontally with smaller roots coming off…

EC0139

Wong Yow Han
(Malaysia)

Protect, Preserve, Revive Tonle Sap Lake is home to 1.2 million people. Apart from those living on houseboats on a daily basis, this number also includes those families who practice seasonal migrating tradition; Kampong Phluk in Siem Reap Province in northern-central Cambodia is one of them. In this proposal, Kampong Phluk which was built around the margins of Tonle Sap Lake is used as the case study so as to give some characters and uniqueness to the final proposal. There are two times a year when locals in Kampong Phluk migrate to the inner Tonle Sap Lake. One is during…

EC0344

Aldrich Choy & Chad Seah
(Singapore)

The concept of our project is to introduce a readily available resource, bamboo. Currently, the use of bamboo is limited to fishing and fencing purposes as the rural people of Cambodia do not recognise it as a valuable resource. Even though there are many bamboos growths found along Tonle Sap. The idea is to educate the Cambodians of the versatility of bamboo as a building element. Bamboo construction techniques can be taught to them so that they will be able to construct their own houses. The architecture designs proposed are showcased to these villagers to prove the versatility of bamboo.…

EC0359

Patcharada Inplang, Suvitchpong Asanachinta & Arthur Vergne
(Thailand / France)

THE TONLE SoAP PROJECT Nowadays, the main threat on the Tonle Sap lake is the water pollution. It is directly link to health, ecologic or economic difficulties. Among the causes of pollution, the “Tonle Soap project” focus on the “grey waters” problem. This dangerous kind of pollution is due to the use and release of chemical detergents (soap, toothpaste, washing powder…) directly into the lake. To this problem, the project proposes a simple solution. The idea is a communal floating building that houses various functions (craft cooperative, research center, boutique…) in order to locally PRODUCE, USE and PROMOTE bio-degradable detergents.…

EC0218

Huy Dara, Young Jun Choi & Hyeong Jin Jo
(South Korea)

Many floating villages on Tonle Sap Lake, we counted as a part of the below the poverty line families in Cambodia since they could not afford to buy land for dwelling. While spending their destination on the water, they are not provided enough infrastructures in term of urbanism. Why floating villages won’t be able to develop like the other villages or the cities? Because they are isolated and have no exact urbanization. Concept:  Using module system design is movable, extendable, and can be easily built by the villagers. Each module will be used as; filter to provide clean water by…

EC0008

Laura Yeginsoy & Eliane Csernay
(Switzerland)

ARTERY Having different types of lifestyle and fishermen such as permanent residents, transient fishers and seasonal fishers it is very hard to control the exploitation and pollution of Tonle Sap. As a result of the mobility, floating villages have acute problems of lack of authority recognition. Therefore, local authorities pay less attention to their needs and consequently service delivery including health care, education and other social service provisions are often very restricted. Our proposal is set up to target this problem by forming a playable and modular frame which can provide research, education and health facilities but at the same…


people's choice

EC0121

Shenhan Zhu & Jingqiu Zhang
(Hong Kong)

Derived from the fact that activities in floating villages on Tonle Sap Lake are extremely unstable and uncertain, which overlap and mutate all the time according to the drastic environmental changing throughout a year, our design is primarily targeted to be locally based. The cluster is built by bamboo, using traditional local construction method, in a way encouraging the development of local industrial chain and providing job opportunities for labor. The concept of clusters on the water is inspired by the existing phenomenon of the autonomously formed villages on the lake. Villages are highly adaptable to environmental changes and makes…



Jury:

Andrea Verenini

Founder, Eleven Magazine

Andrea Verenini

Founder, Eleven Magazine

Arthur Andersson

Andersson-Wise Architects

Arthur Andersson

Andersson-Wise Architects

Andrew Maynard

Austin Maynard Architects

Andrew Maynard

Austin Maynard Architects

Camillo Boano

Development Planning Unit, The Bartlett (UCL)

Camillo Boano

Development Planning Unit, The Bartlett (UCL)

Christine Murray

Editor in Chief, The Architectural Review

Christine Murray

Editor in Chief, The Architectural Review

Elena Douvlou

Metropolitan College Athens / Boston Architectural College

Elena Douvlou

Metropolitan College Athens / Boston Architectural College

Ingrid Bille

BilleBeyeScheid Architects

Ingrid Bille

BilleBeyeScheid Architects

Massimo Forese

+39 Architects

Massimo Forese

+39 Architects

Mathilde Marengo

IaaC Barcelona

Mathilde Marengo

IaaC Barcelona

Perry Hooper

Grimshaw Architects

Perry Hooper

Grimshaw Architects

Shaun O’Rourke

Boston Architectural College

Shaun O’Rourke

Boston Architectural College

Tom Kundig

Olson Kundig Architects

Tom Kundig

Olson Kundig Architects