The design is a research base with housing unit for temporary exploration of Mars which can be a colony in future.
The design derives its concept from the nature.
Mars has volcanic basalt rock. Mars’ crust is thought to be one piece. Unlike Earth, the red planet has no tectonic plates that ride on the mantle to reshape the terrain. Since there is little to no movement in the crust, molten rock flowed to the surface at the same point for successive eruptions, building up into the huge volcanoes that dot the Martian surface. As the crust is about 30 miles (50 kilometers) thick so the design is done using Mar’s natural shelters “The lava caves” because this will act as a natural protection from the meteors and harmful solar radiation.
The structure can be made up of basalt rock using 3d printer and underground structures can be built on mars using robots so that everything can be assembled on site and what we carry from earth is 3d printer and robots to make the experimental colony. The experimental base will produce food and oxygen in controlled condition. All the daily needs and requirements for human being will be served from the base unit. Thus forming the base of Martian vernacular architecture.
The soil of Mars holds nutrients such as sodium, potassium, chloride and magnesium. The Martian soil also have minerals that are required for plant growth but in limited quantity so plants can be grown in controlled environment.
The atmosphere of Mars is too thin to easily support life as we know it. The Martian atmosphere consists of approximately 96% carbon dioxide, 1.9% argon, 1.9% nitrogen, and traces of free oxygen, carbon monoxide, water and methane, among other gases, for a mean molar mass of 43.34 g/mol. The extremely thin air on Mars can also become very dusty. Dust from the planet’s surface is routinely kicked up into the atmosphere by giant dust devils— not unlike tornadoes on Earth. At times, the red planet can be partly or wholly consumed by dust storms. This wind energy can be used to generate energy on mars.
Martian surface has perchlorate (ClO4-) which has positive as well as negative effect on human. Perchlorate (CLO4-) will be reacted with natural enzymes under anaerobic condition to form Oxygen (O2). This oxygen will be the source to make an artificial atmosphere that will exists on Mars. Mars is too cold for liquid water to exist for any length of time so the experimental base will generate water from the existing ice on Martian surface. At times, it even snows on Mars. The Martian snowflakes, made of carbon dioxide rather than water.
We humans, known for moving forward hardwired in our DNA, biologically crafted by Mother Nature to make every situation a stepping stone for a future both greener and brighter and THIS IS A DREAM FOR SUCH A REALITY.