In order for humans to survive on Mars, we have to overcome a “few” obstacles like galactic cosmic rays, perchlorates on the surface, and other deleterious bacteria. This proposal is a multi-phased design that allows potential growth of human settlements over the course of a thousand years.

PHASE 1 : Landing of the First Explorers

The Clove Vessels will arrive in areas near the Northern Polar Ice Cap and the Equatorial Zone. The assembly of the small exploratory base is a system that transforms the vessel into an inflatable lightweight habitat. The lightweight inflatable dwelling is assembled completely by A.I. Autonomy. This system uses IN-SITU resources by absorbing water and uses natural phase change to convert that into ice that fills the inflatable membrane. Food is prepositioned before the first explorers arrive on Mars’ surface. After the assembly is complete, the first explorers arrive with life support systems and equipment.

PHASE 2 : Magnetosphere Field Regeneration

66% of Present day Mars’ atmosphere was siphoned away by solar wind over the past 4 billion years. In order to harbor life for future generations, we are tasked to generate a magnetosphere. According to Director Jim Green from NASA’s Planetary Science Division, deploying a magnetic dipole field could act as a protective shield against solar wind. The results would be a planetary surface temperature rise of about 4° C (7° F). This change will melt carbon dioxide in the polar ice caps which will then cause 1/7th of Mars’ oceans to flow again.

PHASE 3 : Thickening the Atmosphere

With the use of carbon dioxide scrubbing technology, we can then make a thicker atmosphere by manufacturing super-greenhouse gases or perfluorocarbons.

PHASE 4 : Addition of Plant Life

Through the conversion of carbon dioxide and yielding oxygen, plants would chemically alter the atmosphere to make it breathable – a process that would take about 1000 years.