We came up with our concept as we were researching the conditions for living on Mars it quickly becomes apparent that human life will rapidly become extinct without appropriate protection. Should the initial planet fall be survived through an atmosphere 100 times thinner then Earths then the 95 per cent carbon dioxide air would have your blood boiling within seconds. Overcoming these problems would be the first step followed by survival in a climate where the average temperature is below zero degrees. Finally, if these things haven’t wiped out the first colonisation on Mars then the radiation from space would be the final blow.
Our concept grew from a solution to these problems in the form of Geoinformatic Construction, the science of gathering the information about the planets data and using this for our benefit, taking advantage of certain aspects of Mars to protect us from itself.
The chosen landing zone and ground zero is the prime example of this, Valles Marineris: The Grand Canyon of Mars, whose depths of up to 7km in some areas provides a partial solution to the first hurdle in Mars colonisation. Settling deeper than the surface level on Mars approximately doubles the atmospheric pressure for every kilometre down and while still been far thinner then Earths will improve chances of success of landing none the less. At this lower level the temperature of Mars is below freezing point, this can be used to our benefit through incorporating it into our building design. Initial material used in construction of buildings will be a membrane filled with water sourced from below the surface, formed in small parts for ease of building and repair, the water will freeze due to the temperature and as an added benefit provide further insulation from the radiation. Large greenhouse areas constructed in this area will benefit from the thicker atmosphere and in a climate of 95 per cent carbon dioxide will thrive, generating a source of heat and oxygen which are essential to human survival. Accessing the ice shelfs currently believed to be below the surface will be easier at this depth, utilising the science of hydro electrolysis which separates water into two key elements of survival. The first is oxygen which when mixed with other elements will eventually provide a breathable atmosphere for humans, and the second is Hydrogen which can be utilised for fuel and energy purposes.
Making each module fully independent of each other allows ease of containment should an emergency arise. The individual models will each contain sleeping quarters, research facilities, amenities and a production area for the capability of building further modules and necessary equipment. The benefit of having the modules identical is that once staff are fully trained in one area then there will be zero loss in capability working in different areas. The modules although independent will have the capability of been joined through portal connections allowing the use of resources to be spread out over the colony to help maintain the demand.