The Lunar One project is a design study of a permanent human colony on the lunar surface, finding a suitable urban morphology for the human settlement. The study explores the major challenges facing the colonization including environmental and social issues as well as the scarcity of resources. The colony has a fractal expansive design, comprising of 3d-printed modules utilizing resources from the lunar surface. The design allows for vertical and horizontal expansion, creating unique neighborhoods with urban spaces for the inhabitants, with many layers of protection and safety integrated within the architecture urban design interference.
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: Due to the harsh environment, reduced gravity and the pressure force introduced on the moon, the proposed lunar architecture is unique and different from the one on Earth. While it is possible to overcome the different design challenges, it is important to document them in order to create an architectural framework or a design guide that will help future architects understand the possibilities and limitations present on the moon when undergoing design works.
BUILDING A LUNAR SOCIETY: Each living unit is self-sufficient, and every group of 6 living units forms a small community. The expansive nature of the design gives the inhabitants an opportunity to grow in number and have sufficient number of people living together and forming an independent society.
SUSTAINABILITY APPROACH: The lunar unique conditions make it a necessity to be fully self-sufficient in terms of energy generation and resources harvesting. Studies have showed that most of the energy generated on earth is being spent on thermal comfort, illumination, water production and manufacturing / construction. The Lunar One proposes to greatly reduce the amount of energy needed for thermal comfort by using innovative insulation material and highly efficient system to keep the thermal levels steady. The living units are illuminated using fiber optic cables, which carry sunlight from the roofs down to the internal spaces of the colony. Water will be produced from three different sources; the frozen lunar water, the recycled water from the colony, and finally it could also be extracted from the lunar regolith, as it includes the elements of hydrogen and oxygen. The energy required to power the colony and its operations will be provided by the solar panels.
THE MODULAR SYSTEM: it consists of two main parts; the living unit and the corridor unit, with each one consisting of other modular components. The form of these units has been designed to reduce the pressure forces with having no sharp angles. The dodecahedron is the closest form of being to a sphere, but with the ability to be connected to other dodecahedrons in the same compound. The compound units are the neighborhood of the colony; it consists of 6 living units and 4 corridor units working together to cancel the pressure forces from the units on each other. The combination of corridors creates the urban pedestrian pathways, which is shared by many living units simultaneously, hence reducing the need to construct more corridor units.