Nearly fifty years after the first human set foot on the lunar surface, it is a high time to inhabit Earth’s closest celestial object. The human exploration of deep space and the colonisation of the Solar System require the use of a new generation of habitable spaces capable of supporting human life with minimal recourse to the supply of vital resources from Earth. The theme, crucial for a permanent Moon base, is to design a safe, self- efficient and life support system which adapts to surrounding, respond to a whole new set of criteria and keep the inhabitants comfortable.
Proposed colony develops an extensive industrial infrastructure where heavy industry uses the resources of the Moon, such as oxygen, silicon, iron, aluminium, and titanium. The Lunar regolith is rich in argon, helium and compounds of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen. He3 is used as a fuel in future nuclear fusion power plants, it does not produce the radioactivity and nuclear waste. Moon-based solar power system generates additional source of energy, while the excess energy can be converted to microwaves and sent back to Earth. Water ice can be found in the permanently shadowed cold traps at the Lunar Poles. Microbial bioreactors are used to recover and recycle inorganic nutrients from solid wastes. The conversion of biodegradable materials to useful substances as lignin fertiliser is a key point in creating a root-zone media for plant growth. The Lunar Greenhouses established in craters under inflatable domes are providing fresh food. Life support systems are based on higher plants, algae, microorganisms, revitalise the breathable atmosphere, with generation of oxygen and carbon dioxide fixation, purify and recycle water and moisture and produce food.
A self-sufficient base is a possible long-term objective that creates new challenges in planning and development. The are three-phased scenario: scientific research, production and self-sufficiency of small complexes, full urbanisation.The very first step in establishing are research-based prefabricated colonies on the Lunar South Pole to help colonise future cities. The second phase focus on constructing urban hybrids. Cities are based in lunar lava tubes and tunnels which serves as a pressurised base and shelter from the severe environment: radiation, micrometeorites and the extreme temperature changes. Moon urban planning and land management program consider issues such as topography, temperature variations, surface insolation, waste management, green-housing, zones for spacecraft electromagnetic launcher and lunar hybrid cargo and public network. City typology is a relationship between transport, program and urban form. Pathway program impacts urban structure and architecture as it is the primary organising factor of the city. Planemetrically organised system created opportunities for use of the space below and above pathways and simple high-rise architecture utilise the void space. Far Side still plays a role as a test site for new technologies, launching point for deep space missions. The last step of full Moon urbanisation is a development of far side. New technologies give opportunity to base cities in wide complex craters.