Our aim in this project is to present a vision of martian base in the initial stage of colonization.
The picture of colonizing Mars is based on the Space Launch System, Block 1B and 2 heavy rockets and a version of the ORION probe. The process of building a Martian base would require sending 8-16 rocket.
The main concerns that accompany us in the process of colonization are following: cosmic rays, solar wind emitted during solar flares, lack of magnetosphere on Mars, 100 times smaller atmosphere density, necessity of using pumps in residential buildings constructions that are capable of maintaining pressure differences, strong winds and sandstorms.
Our base will be located in the equatorial region, near natural caves by the “Arsia Mons” volcano. The second location considered is the Arctic region in the Northern Hemisphere, at about 15 ° latitude of the planet, below the Korolev crater. The north is characterized by a milder climate compared to the southern hemisphere and has a lower temperature amplitude.
We will try to locate the base in the equatorial region due to the presence of ice in the caves. It creates the chance of finding geothermal waters, milder temperatures and natural radiation protection.
Geothermal waters would be a source of thermal energy for the colonies and would provide a protective layer in the Martian station modules, which would be a radiation protection. The water-filled layer is an alternative to hydrogen and should adequately protect colonists from cosmic rays.
The station will be built of modules connected with each other by communication channels equipped with shut-off devices and pressure pumps capable of maintaining differential pressure in individual modules. The station modules would be made in reference to the plastic technology of GRP. These materials show resistance to ultra violet radiation. The internal layer of the station would be a 40 cm thick layer filled with water that would protect the inhabitants against cosmic radiation. The station will consist of ten residential and research modules. In each of the modules there are living rooms, laboratories, pressure pump rooms, sewage treatment plants, energy generators and recreation rooms. The possible presence of ice in caves, natural protection against cosmic rays, high probability of geothermal resources are the basis for starting the next stages of colonization of the planet, creating in one of the caves a closed micro environment for the development of colonies. The method, which allows using vacuum ultraviolet to break down CO2 into individual particles, would give the colonists oxygen needed for breathing at the beginning in our station, and in one of the caves with time. Large amounts of CH4 methane in reaction with CO2 could enable the production of syngas. The station would be the first stage of colonization. Its location in the vicinity of the “Arsia Mons” volcano, would enable the commencement of the second stage. That is the process of closing the cave with the help of the dome and starting the micro-dispersion process, terraforming the interior.