Minerva (Mars INhabiting Environment and Research for Vacuum Architecture) will be the new base that will allow approximately 200,000 inhabitants to live on Mars. The program is divided into 4 phases that will make Gale crater habitable. The total settlement stands on the radius of the crater and it will be about 90 linear km long. In the future Minerva will be able to connect other bases placed on nearby craters.
The insediation program:
1_An underground system will link the Gale crater to the poles in order to recover the water from the ice caps. In fact, water cannot exist on the surface of the planet because of the low atmospheric pressure.
2_Two bases will be created in order to collect, keep and processing materials. Them will also be the bases for landing. These will be connected thanks to an infrastructure that will host high speed system to transport materials and passengers.
3_The first housing module will be created. Each unit will accommodate about 63000 inhabitants. The system will incorporate an independent connection line that will connect with the general infrastructure.
4_Integration of the axial system with additional elements: storage, technological hub, humanity church, buildings for research and space observatories. The crater Gale will arrive to accomodate 200.000 people.
The residential module:
The housing module is composed by three slats. Every slat is formed by covered courtyards which communicate with each other. The road system foresees the use of high-speed trains for transport of people and goods. The underground of housing units is connected to the general infrastructure through the exchange stations. This allows the system to be strictly connected with every element of MINERVA. Water towers are postioned at the top of triangular figure. Unable to be in the surface, due to the low pressure, the water is taken from the poles through the underground system, then brought to the crater and subsquently pumped inside the towers whose duty is to filter and bring to habitants and plants. Every courtyard is self-sufficient and modular. In the inner part take place the areas for the production of oxygen and water storage coming from the infrastructure connected to the poles. Every minimal housing unit is open toward the inner garden which in turn is articulated in two levels. Botanical research laboratories, which enables the sustenance of habitants, are located in the first subterranean level. In the second underground level there are water tanks that allow water life. The courtyard at ground level will host a square covered with transparent material that enables the filter and accumulation of sunlight, as a source of living for humans and plants.