As a species we know that we are capable of setting foot on the moon. With this knowledge we know that we have the ability to go back. With the never ending rise of Earth’s population we can not expect our home planet to both herself and us forever. We must look outward and find new homes where we can prosper. The moon may not be our final destination, but it will certainly be the first. On the moon we can test our technologies and their durability in the harsh environment of space. What may be even more important is that we can test the limitations of ourselves not only physically, but how we may cope mentally with lunar habitation and venturing deeper into the cosmos.

Building on the surface of the moon for long term living will require the allocation of raw building materials. The moon has a great supply of minerals and ore which we can use to construct our new homes on the moon. If done properly these quarries may even serve as the foundation of future sites for habitation.

It will be important to maintain communication with Earth for both research and safety. There will only be a few seconds delay when talking to Earth taking into consideration the long distance from Earth as well as technological limitations.

The solar insolation on the moon’s surface is unimpeded by any atmosphere meaning we can harness the sun’s energy far more efficiently than would ever be possible on Earth. Establishing multiple solar array s around the moon’s surface will allow for energy collection to occur at all times. This will be necessary to power the growing lunar habitat with zero waste for the astronauts to deal with.

As the lunar habitat continues to grow there will be a need to quickly move people and supplies across the moon’s surface. Thankfully due to the lack of any atmosphere maglev trains will be able to travel at speeds greater than anywhere on Earth. Using a maglev train for mass transit will also mean that it will be powered by the solar farms effectively creating a zero emissions lunar surface transportation network.

While the lack of atmosphere may help surface transportation, it unfortunately means the methods getting to and from the moon are somewhat limited. Without an atmosphere there is no way to effortlessly glide or parachute any vehicle safely to the surface. However, this may be solved with the development of Space X’s current efforts to design reusable rockets. Lunar rocket ports will make travel between Earth and the moon a daily occurrence.

By creating space for the growing population of Earth to live the Moon will become home to many. With the development of resource allocation, solar farming, a communications and transportation network the Moon will be our first great step for the human race and our survival in the cosmos. The moon will become a hub for all traffic going to and from our first home Earth. We are not leaving Earth behind, rather we are welcoming every place we have not yet been before