S.A.7: SACCHARUM ATMOSPHAERA
The project considers key elements for terraforming in relation to the physical problems related to Mars and setting up a solution system to generate a complete atmosphere over 70 years, the basis on which to lay the principle of an autonomous and thriving ecosystem.
According to studies conducted by James Green ( Director of Natural Sciences of Nasa ) and others surveyed by the MAVEN probe : 3.500000000 years ago Mars lost its magnetism, so the solar winds destroyed the atmosphere by breaking the chemical and thermal equilibria useful for its support. The oceanic and fluvial furrows were completely evaporated and the water condensed in solid form at the poles . Today the pressure is equal to 6 ectopascals, equal to 1%. Therefore the useful gases are not retained in the atmosphere, arriving to have only 0.13% of oxygen and a scant dense atmosphere rich in carbon dioxide. The same happens for the heat that for the absence of ozone loses its greenhouse effect undergoing a temperature range of about 100 degrees that varies between – 120 ° C and 20° C with an average of 60° C , that giving a supercontinental climate. The ice on Mars if melted could cover the whole planet with a depth equal to 9 meters. Mars is characterized by 4 seasons and the duration of the day and year is similar to those of the Earth.
According to J. Green’s vision , it is possible to bring a synthetic magnetism to planet that acts as a shield from the solar winds. To do this it’s essential, throug the use of solar panels and magnets, to generate a force equal to 20000 Gauss as a barrier , increasing the greenhouse effect, thus increasing the ozone and making a useful change in 20 – 30 years.
A composition similar to the one devised by Green, would wrap the planet with toroid joints similar to a hypersphere or a gyroscope. The disks will serve as docking for rockets with indiosportant connections on the Martian surface similar to space elevators.
The connections on the surface will also occur through Hyperloop to facilitate human traffic avoiding an environmental chemical impact.
All the materials used will be of bioarchitecture, using Nocera ‘s synthetic leaf for the artificial production of oxygen and the electricity , and with the use of TXActive to purify the atmosphere.
Generation of macro – greenhouses in the parts closest to the ice caps. These will be printed in 3D by arachnoids reusing the indigenous material.
Weather monitoring drones will fly over the poles, atmospheric weather conditioners to subliminal the ice and storing water.
Point like tower like elements will cover almost the entire surface, in particular the water channels to generate synthetic water and store it to facilitate the recycling of water in the atmosphere.
A good use of these tecnologies will regenerate a complete habitat for the subsistence of the various species, re-adapting the terrestrial ones and inserting the human one.