Planetarium is a place where one can observer and experience outer space. To understand the structure of this place, it is necessary to understand what space means for us today.
In the recent years outer space has become not only the object of romantic dreams and hopes, it is the new distant shore, similar to the The Age of Discovery.
The study and exploration of outer space is an area of advanced science and high technologies.
From the prehistoric times space intrigued the human mind. It influenced the formation of philosophy, mythology and architecture.
Ancient history and culture.
It is, therefore, necessary to choose the most suitable form of getting a full sensory experience while observing outer space. Today we can register many types of cosmic radiation. But for the human beings inhabiting the earth, direct observation remains to be the most accessible option
The way of observation dictates the choice of the location: far from the city lights, on the mountain plateaus and uplands where the atmosphere is cleaner and thinner, in places that are usually chosen to build observatories.
Image and content:
The main feature determining the image is the observation platform, which gives a full view of the sky. There were two ways of creating such a platform and playing up the theme of romance, dreams and greatness associated with the outer space. This is the image of a fantastic spacecraft and the image of an ancient mysterious cult structure. A spaceship lying on a hillside high in the mountains is a very bright, attractive and romantic image. However, the choice was made in favour of the image of the ancient temple, because it allows us to use the best form of the observation platform – the amphitheatre.
An amphitheatreis multipurpose. In addition to being a convenient platform for observing the sky, it gives a possibility for conducting lectures, or using it as a stage for theatre productions, with the real starry sky being a backdrop. To isolate the amphitheatre from the cold mountain climate, it can be covered with a dome of transparent material.
A colonnade of square rough stone columns at the entrance would send the visitors back to Egyptian temples and megalithic constructions. The colonnade houses a collection of artefacts associated with the history of space exploration. The collection will help to establish a connection between centuries and to give the observer a new perspective. The main hall of the building contains a temporary exhibition devoted to modern space exploration. The complex also includes two observatories.
Temple of the stars would become a centre for experiencing the history of space exploration. The unique stage of the amphitheatre will be used for conducting lectures and theatrical productions. Combined with the public observatories and museums, it will not only draw people to the topic of outer space but also leave a long-lasting impression.